PharmPBL Research Project
The research project entitled ‘The effect of pharmacology teaching on diverse learners in a problem-based learning medical curriculum (PharmPBL)’ was completed under the Excellence Hubs (EXCELLENCE/0918) programme within the “RESTART 2016-2020” funding framework for Research, Technological Development and Innovation (RTDI) from the Cyprus Research and Innovation Foundation. It received a competitive 146,066.40 Euros grant. The project consortium consists of the University of Nicosia Research Foundation (UNRF), as the project host organisation, and St George’s, University of London (SGUL) as the foreign research partner organisation. The project started in October 2019 and was successfully completed in May, 2022.
Considering the high prevalence of prescribing errors, it is imperative that future prescribers acquire the fundamental knowledge required to carry out this important task. The project aimed at investigating whether a problem-based learning (PBL) pharmacology curriculum is able to satisfy the diverse learning needs of medical students in pre-clinical years and contribute to the development of prescribing skills in clinical years. The diverse student characteristics that may impact learning include, for example, learning style and approach to learning, age, previous experience with PBL, educational background, language and academic ability.
The effectiveness of PBL in addressing diverse learning needs was evaluated based on two outcomes in first, second, and fourth (final) year medical students at both the UNIC Medical School and SGUL. Firstly, reliable assessments elucidated the effects of student differences on achieving learning outcomes. Secondly, an in-depth analysis of the student learning experience was carried out through interviews, focus groups and a student questionnaire, which was developed as part of the study. The findings can inform changes to the curriculum to better support student learning. Ultimately the project aims at reducing medication errors, which compromise patient safety and increase health care costs, by better preparing medical students to become effective and safe prescribers.
Project Host Organization: University of Nicosia Research Foundation (UNRF)
Foreign Research Organization: St George’s, University of London (SGUL)
Dr Andrew Hitchings
RESTART 2016-2020 (Cyprus Research and Innovation Foundation)
Role of UNRF:
Dissemination and Research Outputs
Journal article (in preparation)
Nicolaou SA*, Televantou I*, Papageorgiou A, Albert AP, Hitchings AW, McCrorie P, Nicolaou P
Learning Pharmacology in an Integrated PBL Medical Curriculum: A Mixed Methods Study. (*: Both authors contributed equally)
Conference oral presentations
1. Nicolaou S*, Televantou I*, Papageorgiou A, Albert A, Hitchings A, McCrorie P, Nicolaou P. (August 2022). Learning Pharmacology in an Integrated PBL Medical Curriculum: A Mixed Methods Study. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE). (*: Both authors contributed equally)
2. Nicolaou S, Papageorgiou A, Televantou, I, McCrorie P, Albert A, Hitchings A, Nicolaou P (August, 2022). Does teaching pharmacology using PBL affect confidence in prescribing? The final year student perspective. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE).
3. Nicolaou, S., Papageorgiou, A., Televantou, I., McCrorie, P., Albert, A., Hitchings, A. & Nicolaou, P. (August 2021). ‘Students’ perceptions and satisfaction with pharmacology teaching in a problem-based learning medical curriculum’. Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE).
4. Televantou I, Albert AP, Hitchings AW, Nicolaou SA, Papageorgiou A, McCrorie P, Nicolaou P (April, 2021). ‘The effect of pharmacology teaching on diverse learners in a problem-based learning (PBL) medical curriculum’. International Conference on Medical Education (ICME). ‘Best presentation’ in ‘Peer-assisted learning/Problem-based learning’.
Updates on institutional websites
Learning pharmacology in an integrated PBL medical curriculum and its effect on development of prescribing skills in diverse learners.
‘Best oral presentation’ awarded for collaborative research project at the International Conference for Medical Education.
Dr. Soulla Nicolaou, Associate Professor in Pharmacology, University of Nicosia Medical School